Timor-Leste aims to become world’s first plastics-neutral country using Licella’s Cat-HTR technology

May 20, 2019 | 6 mins read

The Government of Timor-Leste signed an MoU for the development of a Cat-HTR™ plant that will allow Timor-Leste to become the first  ‘plastic neutral’ country in the world.

The Government of Timor-Leste last week signed a memorandum of understanding with Mura Technology (‘Mura’) for the development of a $US40 million Catalytic Hydrothermal Reactor (Cat-HTR™ ) chemical recycling plant that will allow Timor-Leste to become the first  ‘plastic neutral’ country in the world.

Mura is a joint venture between Licella Holdings and Armstrong Energy of the UK. Plastic Oceans UK has recently signed a Memorandum of Collaboration with Mura.

Mura will assist in establishing the Cat-HTR™ plant via a new not-for-profit organisation, RESPECT, at no cost to the people of Timor-Leste. All financial surpluses from the plant will be returned to support local community initiatives, as well as developing livelihoods for waste collectors.

The Cat-HTR™ is Licella’s patented hydrothermal upgrading technology, which uses water under high temperature and pressure, to chemically recycle waste plastic (including plastic currently deemed non-recyclable) back into oil (from which it originally came). This synthetic oil can be used to produce new plastic, fuels and chemicals – reducing waste and creating a new source of revenue for Timor-Leste.

End-of-Life Plastic, which would otherwise be sent in landfill, can be chemically recycled by the Cat-HTR platform.

Timor-Leste’s Secretary of State for the Environment, Demetrio do Amaral de Carvalho, said:

“This is an exciting collaboration for us. Not only will it make a big difference in plastic waste reduction and reduce harm to our cherished marine life, but Timor-Leste can be an example to the rest of the world about what this technology can achieve and the benefits it will have for the planet.”

The new Cat-HTR™ plant in Timor-Leste will allow for the creation of a circular economy for plastic waste for the benefit of Timor-Leste and the environment. The not-for-profit organisation RESPECT will serve as a model for how developing countries worldwide can tackle plastic waste issues.

With global plastic production exceeding 300 million tonnes each year, the Cat-HTR™ technology can provide a chemical recycling solution to avoid plastic waste ending up in our oceans, soils, incinerators and landfill.

Dr Len Humphreys, co-founder and CEO of Licella Holdings, said the MoU with Timor-Leste is significant as the Cat-HTR™ is a highly efficient technology that can handle virtually all plastic waste.

“Cat-HTR is much better equipped to handle plastic waste than the current systems in place as it converts all types of plastic waste into high-value products in only 20 minutes. This has multiple benefits, such as the reduction in costs for waste producers due to materials re-use, reduced landfill and less plastic in our oceans.”

Dr Len Humphreys, Licella Holdings CEO, in front of the reactor columns at Licella’s Cat-HTR chemical recycling pilot plant on the NSW Central Coast.

Professor Thomas Maschmeyer of Licella Holdings and the University of Sydney, and Cat-HTR™ co-inventor, said:

“Cat-HTR™ is something of which we are very proud. We are thrilled to be involved in this project with our partners to provide this technology to Timor-Leste, where it will have a huge and positive impact.”

The Government of Timor-Leste welcomed the partnership with Mura to help deal with the estimated 70 tonnes of plastic waste generated in-country each day. Just one Cat-HTR™ plant has the potential to convert Timor-Leste’s entire plastic waste stream into valuable petrochemicals, which can enable operations to be self-sustaining.

Oil from chemically recycling End-of-Life Plastic with the Cat-HTR platform can be used to create fuels and chemicals

It will also allow Timor-Leste to become the first ‘plastic-neutral’ country in the world. This means that no used plastics will enter the environment as waste, but will instead be recycled into new products, eliminating waste plastic with its associated damage to the environment and impacts to human health.

Jo Ruxton, CEO of Plastic Oceans Foundation UK, said:

“This will be a really valuable program, not just for the people of Timor-Leste, but also to share the knowledge and technologies to other countries and islands globally, as we tackle ocean plastic pollution.”

Alongside Mr De Carvalho, special guests His Excellency Mr Abel Guterres, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of Timor-Leste to Australia, New Zealand and Republic of Fiji and Mr Helio Casimiro Guterres, President of the Institute of Petroleum and Geology in Timor attended the signing at the University of Sydney. The event was hosted by the University’s Vice-Chancellor and Principal, Dr Michael Spence.

Dr Spence said:

“This partnership encapsulates a core mission of our university: to provide leadership for good. It is fabulous that such innovative technology, that we have supported across campus in a truly multidisciplinary way for more than 10 years, will give a direct benefit to the people of Timor-Leste.”

The MoU signing on 17th May 2019 at the University of Sydney. Pictured left to right: Richard Chamberlayne (Director, Mura), Demetrio do Amaral de Carvalho (Timor-Leste’s Secretary of State for the Environment), His Excellency Mr Abel Guterres (Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of Timor-Leste), Dr Michael Spence (University Vice-Chancellor and Principal)



Discussions with the Government of Timor-Leste were started in December 2018 to explore ways to implement ground-breaking technology to help with the country’s plastic-waste problem. An agreement was reached in early April to create a not-for-profit entity called RESPECT (Recycling. Environment. Social. Plastic. Empowerment. Community. Timor).

Mura agreed to waive its licence and royalty fees and the Government of Timor-Leste agreed to facilitate the project with land and supporting logistics in collaboration with local communities.

Mura Technology Limited is a joint venture between Licella Holdings of Australia and Armstrong Energy of the UK and headed by Director Richard Chamberlayne. Established in the UK in February 2019, MURA intends to apply the Catalytic Hydrothermal Reactor (Cat-HTR™) platform worldwide outside Australia and New Zealand. The innovative technology is capable of chemical recycling of end-of-life plastics back to a range of chemical products, facilitating a circular economy in the chemical plastics industry and creating value from plastic waste.

The technology was developed by Licella co-founders, Professor Thomas Maschmeyer and Dr Len Humphreys and has received assistance from University of Sydney research and development initiatives.

Mura Technology Limited is currently working with the Government of Timor-Leste to implement of this project, creating the world’s first plastic neutral economy.